What is lupus and how do you get it

Video What is lupus and how do you get it

summary

Lupus is a disease that occurs when your body’s immune system attacks its own tissues and organs (autoimmune disease). The inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems, including the joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart, and lungs.

Lupus can be difficult to diagnose because its signs and symptoms are often similar to those of other conditions. The most distinctive sign of lupus, a facial rash that resembles butterfly wings unfolding across both cheeks, occurs in many, but not all, cases of lupus.

Some people are born with a tendency to develop lupus, which can be triggered by infections, certain medications, or even sunlight. Although there is no cure for lupus, treatments can help control symptoms.

symptoms

No two cases of lupus are exactly alike. Signs and symptoms may appear suddenly or develop slowly, may be mild or severe, and may be temporary or permanent. Most people with lupus have a mild disease characterized by episodes, called flares, when signs and symptoms get worse for a while, then get better, or even go away completely for a while.

The signs and symptoms of lupus you experience will depend on which body systems are affected by the disease. the most common signs and symptoms include:

  • fatigue
  • fever
  • pain, stiffness and swelling of the joints
  • butterfly-shaped rash on the face covering the cheeks and bridge of the nose or rashes on other parts of the body
  • skin lesions that appear or worsen with sun exposure
  • fingers and toes that turn white or blue when exposed to cold or during stressful periods
  • difficulty breathing
  • chest pain
  • dry eyes
  • headaches, confusion, and memory loss
  • when to see a doctor

    Consult your doctor if you develop an unexplained rash, ongoing fever, persistent pain, or fatigue.

    causes

    As an autoimmune disease, lupus occurs when the immune system attacks healthy tissue in the body. Lupus is likely the result of a combination of your genetics and your environment.

    It appears that people with an inherited predisposition to lupus can develop the disease when they come in contact with something in the environment that can trigger lupus. however, the cause of lupus is unknown in most cases. Some potential triggers include:

    • sunlight. Sun exposure can cause lupus skin lesions or trigger an internal response in susceptible individuals.
    • Infections. Having an infection can start lupus or cause a relapse in some people.
    • Medications. Lupus can be triggered by certain types of blood pressure medications, anti-seizure medications, and antibiotics. People who have drug-induced lupus usually get better when they stop taking the drug. Rarely, symptoms may persist even after the drug is stopped.
    • risk factors

      Factors that may increase your risk of lupus include:

      • your gender. lupus is more common in women.
      • age. Although lupus affects people of all ages, it is most often diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 45.
      • race. Lupus is more common in African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans.
      • complications

        The inflammation caused by lupus can affect many areas of your body, including:

        • Kidneys. Lupus can cause serious kidney damage, and kidney failure is a leading cause of death among people with lupus.
        • brain and central nervous system. If your brain is affected by lupus, you may experience headaches, dizziness, behavior changes, vision problems, and even strokes or seizures. many people with lupus experience memory problems and may have difficulty expressing their thoughts.
        • Blood and blood vessels. Lupus can cause blood problems, including a reduced number of healthy red blood cells (anemia) and an increased risk of bleeding or blood clotting. it can also cause inflammation of the blood vessels.
        • lungs. Having lupus increases your chances of developing inflammation of the lining of your chest cavity, which can make it hard to breathe. bleeding into the lungs and pneumonia are also possible.
        • heart. lupus can cause inflammation of the heart muscle, arteries, or the heart membrane. the risk of cardiovascular disease and heart attack is also greatly increased.
        • other types of complications

          Having lupus also increases your risk of:

          • infection. People with lupus are more vulnerable to infection because both the disease and its treatments can weaken the immune system.
          • cancer. it seems that having lupus increases the risk of cancer; however, the risk is small.
          • death of bone tissue. This occurs when the blood supply to a bone decreases, often leading to small breaks in the bone and eventually collapse of the bone.
          • pregnancy complications. Women with lupus have an increased risk of miscarriage. lupus increases the risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy and preterm labor. To reduce the risk of these complications, doctors often recommend delaying pregnancy until the disease has been under control for at least six months.
Content Creator Zaid Butt joined Silsala-e-Azeemia in 2004 as student of spirituality. Mr. Zahid Butt is an IT professional, his expertise include “Web/Graphic Designer, GUI, Visualizer and Web Developer” PH: +92-3217244554

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