Microalbumin Creatinine Ratio: MedlinePlus Medical Test

What happens during a microalbumin creatinine ratio test?

There are several ways to collect a urine sample for a microalbumin creatinine ratio test:

  • A “random” or “spot” urine sample means that you collect a single urine sample at any time of the day. You will usually collect this sample at your provider’s office or at a medical lab.
  • An early morning or timed urine sample is collected first thing in the morning or after not going to the bathroom for four hours. You’ll likely be given a kit and instructions to collect your urine at home.
  • A 24-hour urine sample requires you to collect all your urine over a 24-hour period. This test is usually used to follow up on abnormal results from a test on a single sample of urine. A 24-hour urine test is the most accurate way to measure albumin in urine.

For a random urine sample, a health care professional may give you a cleansing wipe, a small container, and instructions for how to use the “clean catch” method to collect your urine sample. It’s important to follow these instructions so that germs from your skin don’t get into the sample:

  1. Wash your hands with soap and water and dry them.
  2. Clean your genital area with the cleansing wipe:
    • For a penis, wipe the entire head (end) of the penis. If you have a foreskin, pull it back first.
    • For a vagina, separate the labia (the folds of skin around the vagina) and wipe the inner sides from front to back.
  3. Urinate into the toilet for a few seconds and then stop the flow. Start urinating again, this time into the container. Don’t let the container touch your body.
  4. Collect at least an ounce or two of urine into the container. The container should have markings to show how much urine is needed.
  5. Finish urinating into the toilet.
  6. Put the cap on the container and return it as instructed.

For home collection for an early morning or timed urine sample, the instructions will be about the same as for a random urine sample. Be sure to follow the instructions that come with your collection kit.

For a 24-hour urine sample, you will be given a special container to collect your urine over a full day and instructions on how to collect and store your sample. Your provider will tell you what time to start. The test generally includes the following steps:

  • To begin, urinate in the toilet as usual. Do not collect this urine. Write down the time you urinated.
  • For the next 24 hours, collect all your urine in the container./li>
  • During the collection period, store the urine container in a refrigerator or in a cooler with ice.
  • 24 hours after starting the test, try to urinate if you can. This is the last urine collection for the test.
  • Return the container with your urine to your provider’s office or the laboratory as instructed.

If you have hemorrhoids that bleed or are having your menstrual period, tell your provider before your test.

Content Creator Zaid Butt joined Silsala-e-Azeemia in 2004 as student of spirituality. Mr. Zahid Butt is an IT professional, his expertise include “Web/Graphic Designer, GUI, Visualizer and Web Developer” PH: +92-3217244554

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