Triple-Negative Breast Cancer | CDC

How is triple negative breast cancer treated?

Often, patients first need to have the lump removed (a lumpectomy) or have the entire breast removed (a mastectomy). then they have chemotherapy treatments to attack any cancer cells that can’t be seen, cells that are left in the breast, or cells that may have spread to other parts of the body. Doctors sometimes recommend chemotherapy before surgery to shrink the cancer.


With lumpectomy, a surgeon removes the lump from your breast. He or she also removes nearby lymph nodes (the small, oval-shaped organs that are part of your immune system) to see if the cancer has spread. the surgery lasts one or two hours. Most women spend the day in the hospital and usually don’t need to stay overnight.


For a mastectomy, your surgeon removes the breast and nearby lymph nodes to see if the cancer has spread. some women choose to have breast reconstruction during the same surgery.


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lumpectomies are often followed by radiation therapy. this is where high-energy radiation is given to the breast to kill any remaining cancer cells. it usually takes about 20 minutes per day. most women go four to five days a week for about six weeks. You’ll see a radiation doctor to do this.


Cells from the cancerous lump may have spread to another part of your body. the goal of chemotherapy is to kill those cancer cells wherever they are. Chemotherapy lowers the chance that your cancer will grow or come back.

what are some common side effects of treatment?

hair loss

You may lose some or all of your hair within two to four weeks after starting chemotherapy. new treatments can help with hair loss, so ask your doctor if it’s a big concern for you. your hair will grow back about four to six weeks after your last chemotherapy treatment.


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Most women feel sick and run down for a day or two after each chemotherapy treatment. if you feel dizzy, your doctor may prescribe medicine to treat nausea.


You may feel tired or have trouble thinking and remembering things after chemotherapy and radiation therapy. most of these side effects go away a few weeks after therapy ends.


If lymph nodes are removed during surgery or if you receive radiation treatment to the lymph nodes, the lymph fluid may not be able to drain properly. this can cause fluid to collect under your skin and part of your body to swell. this condition is called lymphedema.

skin changes

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On or around the skin where you’ve been treated with radiation, it may become red or scaly, like a sunburn. Your doctor will tell you the best way to treat these skin changes.

Do I need genetic counseling and testing?

Your doctor may recommend that you see a genetic counselor. is someone who talks with you about any history of cancer in your family to find out if you have a higher risk of getting breast cancer. for example, people of Ashkenazi Jewish descent are at increased risk of inherited genetic changes (mutations) that can cause breast cancer, including triple-negative breast cancer. the counselor may recommend genetic testing.

If you are at increased risk for breast cancer, your doctor can discuss ways to control your risk. you may also be at increased risk of other types of cancer, such as ovarian cancer, and your family may be at increased risk. that’s something I would discuss with the genetic counselor.

Content Creator Zaid Butt joined Silsala-e-Azeemia in 2004 as student of spirituality. Mr. Zahid Butt is an IT professional, his expertise include “Web/Graphic Designer, GUI, Visualizer and Web Developer” PH: +92-3217244554

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