every day, hundreds of millions of people around the world rely on public transportation to get from point a to point b. we entrust the safety of our friends, family, co-workers and acquaintances to those who drive large commercial vehicles. therefore, it is our responsibility to ensure that those operating these vehicles do not have criminal records and are not abusing dangerous substances.
As a result, drug testing in the transportation industry is critical to the safety of society.
why drug testing for transportation and point employees?
Whether you’re taking the subway to work on your daily commute, flying from coast to coast for an important business meeting, or riding the bus to visit family out of town, you trust your safety and the safety of others in their hands. operate public transport vehicles.
what is a dot drug test?
Generally, if a company is part of the transportation industry, with employees in security-sensitive positions, that company is required by law to participate in a drug testing program.
what drugs are analyzed in a dot test?
Any drug can be detected with the use of a drug test. but point-of-care alcohol testing is the most popular drug prevention strategy for safety-sensitive employees.
Dot alcohol screening includes any combination of saliva alcohol dot tests or dot breathalyzers with pas devices. however, point confirmation testing must be done in a lab that uses ebt devices.
In addition to alcohol, dot drug tests can also be applied to detect any of the following substances:
- school bus drivers
- truck drivers
- subway operators
- train engineers
- aircraft maintenance crew
- armed transit security personnel
- pipeline emergency response team
- ship captains
- air traffic controllers at non-faa facilities
- US-contracted air traffic controllers. military
- aircraft maintenance personnel
- aviation evaluators
- flight attendants
- flight crew
- flight instructors
- ground security personnel
- commercial driver license (cdl) holders operating commercial motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (gvwr) of 26,001 lbs. or older.
- drivers of vehicles carrying 16 or more passengers
- drivers transporting hazardous materials
- crew members operating a commercial vessel
- emergency response personnel
- operations and maintenance staff
- engine and train crew
- hours of service of law enforcement personnel
- train dispatchers
- armed security
- vehicle operators
- Site: This subpart lists the requirements for a designated spot alcohol testing site, including security; visual and auditory privacy for the test subject; availability of authorized personnel, equipment, materials and facilities necessary for the collection and analysis of breath samples.
- Forms: The SST documents or records the results of the screening test on an Alcohol Test Form (ATF). if the screening test result is 0.02 or higher, a second test is performed using an ebt and the results are documented again at the same af point. TFA is a 3-part carbonless multiple form and should be used for every point alcohol test.
- Equipment: Alcohol screening tests are done using approved detection devices (asd), and confirmatory tests must use ebts (evidential breath test devices) which only test breath.
- provide 3 copies of each breath test result
- perform an external calibration test
- assign each completed breath test its own unique number
- print device name, serial number and date and time of each test
- try an air blank
- distinguish alcohol (at 0.02 concentration level) from acetone
who uses dot drug testing?
a dot test refers to a drug testing procedure required of individuals and private corporations under contract with or under the authority of the department of transportation (dot). Employees working in highly sensitive positions or unsafe environments that fall under the point’s jurisdiction are required to submit to a urine drug screen. Job applicants for the same safety and security-sensitive positions must also undergo a pre-employment drug screen.
what are security sensitive positions?
employers should read and understand the industry-specific regulations as posted on the dot website.1the employer’s designated representative (right) plays a key role in understanding all of these regulations, and ensuring employer compliance with the drug and alcohol testing program.
dot covers various government agencies associated with the us. uu. Transportation, including the Federal Aviation Administration, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, the United States Coast Guard, the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, the Federal Railroad Administration, and the Federal Transit Administration. The Office of Drug and Alcohol Policy and Enforcement is also under the dot and is responsible for implementing the United States drug and alcohol testing program. government.
federal aviation administration drug tests
Drug detection in commercial motor carriers
united states coast guard – maritime drug testing
drug tests for pipeline employees
federal railroad association drug tests
federal traffic association drug tests
It is the tasks performed that qualify an individual as a security-sensitive employee, not the job title. Some employees, such as supervisors and managers, may not currently be performing such tasks, but are still qualified for them. They may also need to be drug tested because at any time (during emergencies), they may be asked to do safety-sensitive work.
While the point does not issue certifications to service providers that perform point testing, all point testing must comply with 49 CFR Part 40, which sets forth the procedural requirements in the how drug and alcohol testing is done in the workplace. it will take place in transportation industries under the jurisdiction of the federal government.
Testing facilities that wish to participate in an alcohol and drug testing program must qualify under the National Laboratory Certification Program conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services.
point alcohol test information
Before requesting an alcohol test from dot, it is crucial to first understand the industry-specific regulations as posted on the dot website.
alcohol testing personnel (subpart j)
Read more: What is mono and how do you get it
The point alcohol tests can only be carried out by detection test technicians (stt) and breathalyzer technicians (bat). They are trained professionals who perform alcohol screening tests (STT or BAT) and confirmation tests (BAT only). they are responsible for transmitting test results to employers, always observing timeliness and confidentiality.2
note: if you are an employee’s immediate supervisor, you may not act as that employee’s stt and/or bat when he/she is tested, even if qualified to bat or stt, except when no other bats or stt is available and if not prohibited by agency regulations dot. In addition, if the employee undergoing alcohol testing is also undergoing drug testing, the bat must ensure that the alcohol screening and confirmation are completed first before the employee submits samples for testing. of drugs.
testing sites, forms, equipment, supplies used in alcohol testing (subpart k)
The concentration of alcohol in a person’s breath is related to the concentration of alcohol in their blood. an ebt is a device capable of calculating the level of alcohol in a person’s system through their breath. Basically, an EBT is a breathalyzer approved for point testing. EBT results are generally accepted in court as legal evidence.3
confirmation tests can only be performed with ebts that can do the following:
on the cpl (compliant products list) published by the nhtsa, only ebt devices without an asterisk (*) are authorized to perform confirmation tests for alcohol as described in 49 cfr part 40 subpart m.
alcohol screening (subpart l)
This section provides the detailed procedures that the bat or stt must follow when performing an alcohol detection test. they would be using an ebt, a non-evidential breathing asd, or a breathing tube asd. these procedures include the steps to follow depending on whether or not the device is capable of printing, etc. they even instruct bat or stt what to do in case something goes wrong with the initial test, like the device breaks or the employee didn’t follow the instructions properly, etc.
the following procedures must be followed by the stt when performing the alcohol detection test using the saliva asd:
- verify the expiration date of the device and show it to the employee. do not use an expired device.
- open the device package in front of the employee.
- Instruct the employee on how to insert the device into their mouth correctly to ensure they use it according to the manufacturer’s specifications.
- if an employee chooses not to use the device or if a retest is necessary because the device did not activate, the stt should insert the device into the employee’s mouth and collect saliva according to the manufacturer’s instructions. stt should wear single-use gloves while testing.
- follow the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure the device is activated.
- If for any reason something goes wrong, such as the device breaks or falls on the ground, the stt should dispose of this device. try again with a new device.
- the replacement device must have been under the control of the stt or employee prior to testing.
- Document all this in the “remarks” line of the atf.
- for this retest, the stt may offer the employee the option to use the new device himself, unless the employee is actually responsible for needing the retest (if the employee was the one who dropped the first device) .
- If for some reason the stt does not complete this retest, the collection should be stopped and everything should be documented in the atf.
- the stt should instruct the employee to retest immediately, but this time using an ebt for the assessment.
- In case the collection part of the test was successful but the device does not activate, the device should be discarded and a new one should be used instead. the stt will be the one to place the device in the employee’s mouth for saliva collection.
- results will be displayed on the device and should be read within 15 minutes of testing. show the results to the employee and record it in the atf.
- never reuse the devices, gloves, swabs, and all other materials used in saliva testing.
- indicate in step 3 of the atf that a saliva asd was used.
confirmatory alcohol tests (subpart m)
The procedures in this section are specifically for the bat to follow. defines a minimum waiting period of 15 minutes (but not to exceed 30 minutes) from the time the screening test is complete to the start of the confirmation test. During the waiting period, the employee must be observed by the bat testing, another bat, the STT, or an employer representative and given further instructions. In addition to the actual instructions for the bat on how to complete the ebt confirmation test, this section also tells the bat what to do if the 30-minute waiting period is exceeded, if the employee becomes refuses to sign the certification at the atf, etc.
full details on the regulations covering the stts, bats and the actual process of collecting evidence for alcohol can be found in 49 cfr part 40 subparts j to m.
alcohol test problems (subpart n)
This section contains many questions and answers, all related to various issues that can arise when taking an alcohol test, such as what constitutes refusal to take an alcohol test, when an employee leaves the testing site before complete the testing process, not providing enough breath sample, etc.
In cases where the employee is unable to provide a sufficient saliva sample, the STT must follow the following procedures:
- use a new detection device to perform a new detection test.
- if the employee refuses to retest, document this on the atf “remarks” line and notify the der immediately. this constitutes a refusal to take the test.
- If the employee is still unable to provide a sufficient saliva sample for this re-screening, please document this on the atf “remarks” line and notify the der immediately.
- the der, upon being informed by the stt that the employee was unable to provide a sufficient saliva sample, must arrange to administer an alcohol breath test through ebt or other breath test. test device immediately.
All of the information provided above provides just a small glimpse of all the actual information that employers must consider when conducting breath alcohol tests under a drug testing program. the key role in all of them is the designated employer representative (der). the der guarantees the employer’s compliance with the drug and alcohol testing program of the point.
When are doping tests carried out?
Employers in safety-sensitive workplaces may issue drug or alcohol tests in the following situations:
- pre-employment drug screenings
- reasonable suspicion drug test
- random drug tests
- drug tests after an accident
- return-to-duty drug screens
- tracking drug screening
- For pointless drug testing programs, employers can test for a wider variety of drugs using different types of samples (saliva, hair, breath, sweat, fingernails).
How is a dotted drug test different from a non-dotted drug test?
DOT drug tests are performed at laboratories certified by the Department of Health and Human Services, which publishes a list of certified laboratories on a monthly basis. Spotless drug tests, on the other hand, are performed in laboratories certified by either of 2 accredited agencies, CLIA (Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments) and CAP (College of American Pathologists). Employers would be wise to first verify a laboratory’s certification before conducting drug and alcohol tests on their employees. If a company needs undotted testing but uses a dot-certified lab and the drug test results are challenged in court, there can be legal complications.