ASTAXANTHIN: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions, Dosing and Reviews

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jackson, h. l., cardounel, a. J., Zweier, J. l., and lockwood, s. F. Synthesis, characterization, and direct elimination of aqueous superoxide anion from a highly water-dispersible astaxanthin-amino acid conjugate. bioorg. med chem lett 2004-02-8;14(15):3985-3991. see summary.

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Kishimoto, Y., Tani, M., Uto-kondo, H., Iizuka, M., Saita, E., Sone, H., Kurata, H., and Kondo, K. astaxanthin suppresses scavenger receptor expression and matrix metalloproteinase activity in macrophages. eur j nutr 2010;49(2):119-126. see summary.

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lockwood, s. f., jackson, h. l., and gross, g. J. Retrometabolic synthesis of astaxanthin (3,3′-dihydroxy-beta, beta-carotene-4,4′-dione) conjugates: a novel approach for oral and parenteral cardioprotection. cardiovasc.hematol.agents med chem 2006;4(4):335-349. see summary.

lions, yes. meter. and o’brien, b. meter. Modulatory effects of an astaxanthin-containing seaweed extract on grape-irradiated cells in culture. j.dermatol.sci. 2002;30(1):73-84. see summary.

mahmud, f. f., haines, d. d., abul, h. t., abal, a. t., onadeko, b. o., and wise, j. a. In vitro effects of astaxanthin combined with ginkgolide b on t-lymphocyte activation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from asthmatic subjects. j.pharmacol.sci. 2004;94(2):129-136. see summary.

Manabe, E., Handa, O., Naito, Y., Mizushima, K., Akagiri, S., Adachi, S., Takagi, T., Kokura, S., Maoka, T., and Yoshikawa , you Astaxanthin protects mesangial cells from hyperglycemia-induced oxidative signaling. j cell biochem 4-15-2008;103(6):1925-1937. see summary.

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Palozza, P., Torelli, C., Boninsegna, A., Simone, R., Catalan, A., Mele, M. c., and picci, n. Growth inhibitory effects of astaxanthin-rich algae Haematococcus pluvialis on human colon cancer cells. lett cancer 2009-9-28;283(1):108-117. see summary.

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